Scientists just created an artificial womb, which was successful in growing a premature lamb for up to four weeks. After the success of the animal trials, researchers are hoping to continue to advance the technology to create an artificial environment in which a premature human baby could survive.
The experiment required lamb fetuses, which are physiological similar to human fetuses, to be prematurely removed from their mother's womb via C-section, and placed in the sealed bio-bags for four to six weeks. All of the lambs developed at a healthy and normal rate.
Premature births are the leading cause of deaths among infants in North America, with about 30 000 annually, and a survival rate of only 50%. The sterile and sealed 'bio-bags,' which are filled with water and salts, closely resemble the womb of a human, and could save thousands of lives yearly.