'CSIRO' is set to deploy a series of underwater robots that will help scientists better understand the physical and biological state of the Indian Ocean. The futuristic bio-robots are called 'BioArgos' and they will be deployed between Christmas Island and the coast of Madagascar. These robots are of particular importance because the Indian Ocean is one of the most under-sampled parts of the world.
The underwater robots are each equipped with a number of tiny sensors that will help them measure important biological indicators within the ocean such as nitrate, chlorophyll, dissolved oxygen, organic matter and particles. These indicators provide scientists with information on how much food the ocean is producing, as well as how much carbon dioxide it is capable of capturing. By measuring the biological and physical characteristics of the water, scientists can better understand the overall health of the Indian Ocean.