The discovery of concrete allowed for a drastic reduction in building costs compared to its predecessor, brick, however, before 'Mesh Mould Metal,' concrete could only be molded into relatively regular shapes for use in load-bearing buildings. With Mesh Mould Metal, though, Gramazio Kohler Research has created a system that gives architects far more flexibility in designing concrete structures.
The system uses a robotic extrusion process to construct a polymer mesh that can house concrete. Through research into how concrete binds, the Mesh Mould Metal system's polymer mesh is shaped in order to maximize the load-bearing capacity of concrete that sets around it. As such, architects can input complex, irregular shapes into the robotic process and remain confident that the completed concrete slab will have structural integrity.