The Migratory Bird Habitat Initiative will pay some farmers and ranchers to flood Gulf area fields. This monetary incentive for flooding fields has been created in order to provide alternative habitats for migratory birds that will otherwise be forced to areas fouled by oil from the BP Gulf oil spill.

Former wetlands and lowlands in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas are targeted for the flooding project. The hope is that birds will be attracted to safe areas before they reach oil-contaminated land. It is not known if flooding the Gulf area fields will be an effective way to save wildlife.