China is famous for its "one child" policy, but in the wake of supporting a country filled with an aging population, Shanghai has recently been encouraging couples to have a second child despite the population control regulations.
In 1975, China's population over 50 had an average of 7.7 working-age adults to support them; today, that figure is down to 1.6. That's clearly the reason behind Shanghai's abandonment of population-control policies; the Center for Strategic and International Studies says that China will have over 438 million individuals over 60 by 2050. That's a lot of people out of the working world!
Population Control Changes
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Shanghai Encourages Second Child to Displace the Aging
By: Marissa Brassfield - Published: Jul 26, 2009 • References: guardian